Liaoning is the southernmost province in Manchuria. The province of Liaoning has a long history; it is the "cradle" of Chinese civilization. The province is named "Liaoning" along the large Liao-he River, which is often spoken of as the "ever-calm Liaohe River". The word "Nin" means peace, tranquility.
The administrative center and the largest city is Shenyang, harmoniously combining modern buildings with architectural works of past eras.
Liaoning Province is an important bridge connecting European and Asian cultures, and is also the only marine port in China in the Northeast. In addition, it is an important point of foreign trade and international exchange of the Chinese North-East.
The population of Liaoning Province is 43 million 830 thousand people. It is inhabited by Han Chinese, Manchans, Mongols, Koreans, Cibo people, and other 52 nationalities. The province of Liaoning is rich in oil, natural gas, boron, iron ore, diamonds, talc, jade, and magnesite. The industry is dominated by petrochemical and metallurgical. In agriculture are widely developed: gardening, livestock, silkworm breeding, and fish farming. Also there were traditional crafts: manufacturing of products from porcelain, bamboo.
Liaoning has an ancient cultural and historical tradition and an abundance of cultural and historical monuments and relics. The part of the Great Wall, Shenyang Gugun (Mukden Palace) and the Coguryeo tomb complex are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The following objects located on the territory of the province are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List
1. Mukden Palace in the Forbidden City is the palace of the first emperors of the Manchu dynasty of China - Nurkhatsi and Abakhai. Mukden Palace became famous as the residence of the very first emperors of the Manchurian dynasty. The first buildings of the palace complex, built under the emperor Nurkhatsi, resembled yurts. Emperor Abahai made some changes to the appearance of the palace, and he acquired elements of the Manchu, Chinese and Tibetan architecture.
2. Goguryeo tomb complex is located in North Korea and China. The complex consists of 63 individual tombs, left from the times of the early-feudal state of Koguryo. It is believed that this complex was used as a burial place for rulers and other members of the ruling family. Wall paintings represent a unique picture of the daily life of people of that historical period.
Sichuan is a province in the south of the central part of the PRC. The name of Sichuan Province stands for "four chains of rivers and gorges", named after dividing this area into four regions during the Northern Dynasty of Song. Sichuan is the gateway to the enigmatic Tibet, the western part of the province, one of the Tibetan localities.
The capital of Sichuan is the city of Chengdu. It is a cultural and industrial center on the agricultural plain, and also one of the first centers of printing in the country. Chengdu was also famous for its luxurious atlases, brocade and varnished products. The province has earned a reputation as the "motherland of the big pandas", 85% of China's large pandas live in this mountainous area.
The province of Sichuan is so rich in mineral resources that it is rightly called the "country storehouse".
In addition to the main forms of relief such as plains, hills, mountains and plateaus, Sichuan has a wide variety of beautiful landscapes, including ravines, pools, rivers, lakes, hot springs, waterfalls and limestone caves.
The following objects located on the territory of the province are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List:
1. National Park Jiuzhaigou is a reserve in the north of Sichuan in central China. The valley of Jiuzhaigou is rich in many beautiful multi-colored lakes. Local residents call these lakes Hajci, which means "Son of the Sea". These lakes are of glacial origin, the water here is very transparent and park visitors can easily see the bottom of these lakes. The Dragon Lake, the Lake of Five Flowers, the Grassy Lake - only fabulous stories begin to appear in the imagination from the eastern mysteries and romantic names.
Legend says that the lake is nothing but a splinter of the mirror, which the god Dage presented to his beloved goddess Volo Simo. But, by carelessness, the goddess dropped it, and the mirror has broken into many fragments, which later became beautiful lakes.
Another symbol of the Jiuzhaigou National Park is its clean, swift waterfalls, falling down the cliffs and trees. A tired traveler will find it difficult to resist the temptation to admire the descending streams of water, and forgetting all the worries, plunge into the world of nature, under the measured mesmerizing noise of water.
2. The landscape landmark area of Huanglong - "Yellow Dragon", the Chinese gave this name due to the fact that the stretching for several kilometers cascades are similar to the scales of the dragon. A picturesque protected area, known for its travertine terraces (from tufa), numerous lakes of various colors and shapes.
Throughout the year, the water of lakes, like the change of the foliage of trees, varies several times, over the year the valley changes several times.
It is noteworthy that the Huanglong Valley is hidden in the mountains and surrounded by dense forests, as if nature tries to hide such a picturesque place from prying eyes, to protect its creation from destruction.
3. The statue of Maitreya Buddha in Leshan is one of the highest Buddha statues on Earth and, for over a millennium, the highest sculptural work in the world. It is carved in the thickness of the rock in Lingyunshan Mountain at the confluence of three rivers of the Chinese province of Sichuan, near the city of Leshan. The face of Buddha (Maitreya) is drawn to the opposite Emeishan holy mountain.
As the legend says, the monk Hai Tong decided to propitiate the elements, cutting out in the rock a sculptural image of the supreme deity. For many years the monk traveled through towns and villages, collecting money for the construction of the statue, and in 713 he began construction. Hai Tong died when the Buddha statue was made only to the knees, but he managed to reach his noble goal. By cutting the statue in the rock, the workers threw stone fragments into the river, as a result of which water flows partly fell asleep. Thus, it turned out that the Buddha tamed the violent temper of the river.
4. The Dujiangyang Irrigation System and the Qingchengshan Mountain
Dujiangyan is an ancient irrigation system, created in 256 BC in the Chinese province of Sichuan near Chengdu. This is the oldest surviving irrigation system, which regularly, from III century BC, saves Sichuan from droughts and floods.
Under the guidance of an official named Li Bin, a unique and inherently very simple water management system was created, which successfully copes with its task to this day. The dam is shaped like a fish.
Qingchengshan is a mountain in Dujiangyang city district, 68 km from Chengdu, the Chinese province. According to legend, the Yellow Emperor called the mountains Qingchengshan "the Father of five mountains", hence the ancient name - "Father Mountain".
Since ancient times these mountains have the glory of "The most serene place under heaven". Their picturesque, almost fabulous landscape with forests, clear water and misty clouds includes thirty-six peaks, eight large caves, seventy-two small caves, and one hundred and eight scenic spots.
On Mount Qingchengshan in 143 Zhang Daolin founded the first in history Taoist temple complex, thereby turning Taoism from philosophical into religious teaching. From this mountain, according to tradition, Zhang Daolin went to heaven with his wife and two disciples.
5. Big Panda Reserves is a complex of 7 reserves and 9 parks in the Chinese province of Sichuan. The total area is 924 500 ha, located in the mountains of Tsunlai and Jiajin. More than a third of the world's population of the rarest giant panda lives in the reserves, as well as the small panda, snow leopard and clouded leopard. In addition, in the region grows 5-6 thousand plant species.
Press service of the Committee
of the Republic Bashkortostan