Bashkortostan has been actively cooperating with the international organization UNESCO for more than 20 years, participating in the implementation of relevant projects and programs of UNESCO, in particular, on the preservation of the historical, natural, biological, geological, and cultural heritage of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Thus, in the summer of 2012, the UNESCO biosphere reserve Bashkir Ural was established in Bashkortostan, which includes Shulgan-Tash nature reserve, Bashkiria National Park, Muradymovo gorge, Altyn Solok (bee keeping) and the Iksky nature reserves.
On the recommendation of the Russian Committee of the UNESCO program "Man and the Biosphere" under the Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO, we are considering creating a second UNESCO biosphere reserve "Iremel" in the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Currently, we are completing the preparation of the application (nomination dossier) of the unique natural and cultural heritage site "Rock Art of Shulgan-Tash Cave" for further promotion of the site to the UNESCO World Heritage List in the category "Cultural Site," which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.
On 7 July 2020 at the 209th session, the UNESCO Executive Board approved the application of Yangan-Tau Geopark, established in 2017, Salavat district, Republic of Bashkortostan, which became the first geopark in Russia and the CIS countries to officially join the Global Network of Geoparks of UNESCO.
The UNESCO Yangan-Tau Geopark unites more than 20 geological sites, including three sites (the Mechetlino section, the Bolshaya Luka section, and the Yangantau mountain) of international, 10 of national, and 21 of regional significance. The territory is home to many red book plants and rare species of animals.
It should also be stressed that today, organizational and scientific work is underway to develop the Toratau Geopark and promote it to the UNESCO Global Network of Geoparks: in particular, we are finishing the preparation of the application (nomination dossier) of the Toratau Geopark to UNESCO.
The Toratau Geopark is located on the territory of Ishimbai, Sterlitamak, Gafuri, and Meleuz municipal districts of the Republic of Bashkortostan. It incorporates 155 natural sites, including 27 specially protected natural territories, 112 geological sites, and 124 sites of cultural heritage, including 88 archaeological sites and 36 historical monuments. The main attractions of the Geopark are Toratau and Yuraktau Shikhans, and the geological section Usolka, which received the status of a "Golden Spike," are of international significance.
In 2020, it is planned to hold the 5th Ufa Eurasian Humanitarian Forum in the Republic of Bashkortostan with the support of the Russian Commission for UNESCO, which will address the relevant issues of the development of UNESCO geoparks in the Republic of Bashkortostan, regions of Russia, CIS countries, and other foreign countries, as well as other important issues on the preservation of natural and cultural heritage.
Press-service of the Committee of the Bashkortostan Republic